Solid ink printers, also known as phase-change printers, are a type of thermal transfer printer.They use solid sticks of CMYK-coloured ink, similar in consistency to candle wax, which are melted and fed into a piezo crystal operated print-head.
The printhead sprays the ink on a rotating, oil coated drum.
The paper then passes over the print drum, at which time the image is immediately transferred, or transfixed, to the page.
Solid ink printers are most commonly used as colour office printers, and are excellent at printing on transparencies and other non-porous media.Solid ink printers can produce excellent results.
Acquisition and operating costs are similar to laser printers.Drawbacks of the technology include high energy consumption and long warm-up times from a cold state. Also, some users complain that the resulting prints are difficult to write on, as the wax tends to repel inks from pens, and are difficult to feed through automatic document feeders, but these traits have been significantly reduced in later models.
Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.
It produces high-quality text and graphics (and moderate-quality photographs) by repeatedly passing a laser beam back and forth over a negatively charged cylinder called a "drum" to define a differentially charged image.1 The drum then selectively collects electrically charged powdered ink (toner), and transfers the image to paper, which is then heated in order to permanently fuse the text, imagery, or both.
This enables laser printing to copy images more quickly than most photocopiers.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laser_printing.